We hope you enjoyed this e-book and
learnt a lot about electronics.
To see how much you have gained, we have produced a final test.
You can do the test at any time. The best idea is to do it both before and after you complete the projects and compare the results.
You can look through these pages of the e-book at any time to help with the answers as there is no such thing as "cheating."
There is nothing wrong with getting assistance with the answers as you are not expected to remember everything. Half the skill of being
organised is knowing where to look for information.
That's why we have libraries.
Your raw score is not the one that matters. The score that has more meaning is the difference between your first attempt and your second,
with the second attempt taken after you have finished the projects.
This will give you a comparative mark and will let you know how much you have learnt from the course.
If possible, it is best to take the second test a few days after completing the projects so that you get a result that reflects your long-term
You see, you have two memories. A short-term memory and a long term memory.
The object of learning is to put information into your long term memory. Once it is there you never forget it.
To put something into your long term memory you quite often have to go over the details you wish to remember, a short time after they
were initially learned.
When you do this, the information becomes strengthened.
This action puts it into a different section of your brain (called the long term memory section).
Some people have the ability to put information very easily into the long term
section while others need to go over the information two or three times.
That's why going this whole project will be a very worthwhile
Let's see how you score with recalling the information from these projects.
Give yourself the marks shown for each question.
1. When soldering, do you take the solder on the iron to the joint or apply the solder when the iron is
near the joint?
2. Solder for electronic work must have __________ in the centre to clean the joint while soldering.
3. Name the two sizes of solder we recommend: (2 marks)
4. Draw the symbol for each of these components:
(d) NPN transistor
(f) two wires crossing, but not connected
(g) slide switch
(i) PNP transistor
(j) touch plate
5. The Touch Plate is equivalent to a variable _______________ .
6. When you press firmly on the Touch Plate, the resistance
between the tracks:
increases/decreases? (1 mark)
7. When the resistance of the Touch Plate increases, does more current or less current flow through the terminals of the plate?
8. The two types of transistors we have used in these projects are:
9. What is the name given to the resistor that biases the base of a
10. LED stands for:
11. The shortest lead on a LED is:
12. What is the characteristic voltage that develops across a red LED when it is illuminated? ___________
13. Give another name for Flip Flop:
14. Give the colour bands for these resistors:
15. What is the value of these resistors:
16. Write the preferred notation for these values:
(a) 1,000 ohms
(b) 1,000,000 ohms
(c) 2,200 ohms
(d) 4,700,000 ohms
(e) 100,000 ohms
(f) 22 ohms
17. Name 3 functions of a resistor:
18. Resistors can be connected in parallel and _____________.
19. Does the inclusion of a resistor increase or reduce the current through a circuit?
20. Name three types of capacitor:
21. What is another name for a free-running multivibrator?
22. What is the name given to a circuit with a resistor and capacitor in series?
23. Light passes through an optical fibre by a process called total internal
__________________. (2 marks)
24. From the following list, write the (a) amplifying device,
the energy storing component, (c) the current resisting component.
(d) the energy supplying component and (e) the sound outputting device
used in project 5.
LED, battery, switch, speaker, transistor, resistor, capacitor.
25. Name the three leads of a transistor:
26. An NPN transistor is a mirror image of a __________ transistor.
27. The input lead of a transistor is:______________________
28. The output lead of a transistor is: ___________________
29. Name the components with these values:
(b) BC 557
30. Explain how the speaker produces a tone.
31. Name the two components in a Timing Circuit. (2 marks)
32. List 5 preferred resistor values:
Answers: The answers are also
provided below so the page can be printed on your printer.
1. Apply the solder when the iron is close to the joint.
3. 0.7mm and 1mm
4. See Symbols page
8. PNP and NPN
9. base-bias resistor
10. Light Emitting Diode
11. Cathode (k)
12. about 1.7v
14. (a) brown-black-orange
15. (a) 22R (b) 47k (c) 100k
(d) 3k3 (e) 2k2 (f) 1M
16. (a) 1k (b) 1M (c) 2k2
(d) 4M7 (e) 100k (f) 22R
17. (a) as a current limiter,
(b) as a voltage divider,
(c) as a time delay component
20. (a) air, (b) mica,
(c) polyester (d) ceramic,
(e) electrolytic (f) greencap
21. astable multivibrator
22. timing circuit or delay circuit
24. (a) transistor (b) capacitor
(c) resistor (d) battery
25. (a) base (b) collector
26. PNP transistor
29. (a) greencap or
ceramic capacitor (b) transistor (c) resistor
30. The current through the coil starts and stops or rises and falls at a rate equal to the
frequency being reproduced.
31. Resistor and capacitor.
32. Refer to the resistor colour code calculator.