4011 is the most used CMOS chip.
It contains 4 NAND gates.
Minimum supply voltage 3v
Maximum supply voltage 15v
Max current per output 10mA
Maximum speed of operation 4MHz
Current consumption approx 1uA
Follow the inputs and note when the LED is illuminated.
The secret to understanding the operation of
the gate is show in the diagram on the right.
It is called GATING.
When one input is held LOW, the output is a constant HIGH.
When one input is held HIGH, the signal on the other input
will be inverted by the gate and appear on the output.
This is also shown
in the 1kHz tone circuit below.
Do not leave an input "open" (non-connected) as the high input
impedance (approx 10M) will pick up noise and create faulty
The CD 4011 IC has 4 gates and
these can be wired to create a BUFFER, Inverter (NOT), AND, OR, NOR XOR
or XNOR. In most cases this will use 3 or 4 of the gates and represents a
wasteful use of the chip. These examples are useful for demonstration
Circuits built around a CD 4011: