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See more projects using PIC micros:
Elektor,EPE,Silicon Chip
Car Gears Up/Down Counter with PIC12F629
and prototype PC board $25.00 plus $5.00 postage.
To order the kit,  send an email to us and we will reply with the details of how to order etc.

P1 2 digit Up/Down Counter using PIC16F628
P2 
adding Dice and Random Number (PIC16F628)
P3 
2 digit Up/Down Counter using PIC12F629
P4
  adding RF Link to PIC12F629 version
P5 Car Gears Up/Down counter
 

 
The Up/Down Counter described on the previous 4 pages can be configured to display the "gear" for racing bikes and cars.  It can be configured as:  1- 6 gears or 1- 9 gears. This project it has been configured as 1- 6 gears suitable for cars with "electronic" gear- shifts - where the gear-shift is pressed forward to change up and press back to change down.
These gear-boxes can have 6 gears and since they don't have a read-out, it is sometimes difficult to remember which gear you are in.
This project solves that problem.

There are two circuits.
Circuit 1 uses a PIC12F629 and a special arrangement of LEDs to produce a display. Circuit 2 uses a PIC16F628 and a 7-segment display.

Circuit 3 uses a PIC12F629 and  4 LEDs to show gears 1,2,3,4.
 

CIRCUIT 1:


100n capacitors can be placed across each switch

 

The circuit is very similar to the 2-Digit Up/down Counter on P1 and is constructed on proto-type PC board for easy modification.
When the project is first turned on, the display shows "0." When the gear-change is pressed in the up direction, the counter increments. It does not go past "6." If the bike is in 6th gear and the gear-change is pressed up, the counter does not increment.
In addition, the counter only decrements to "1."
If the counter gets out of synchronisation, the RESET button is repeatedly pressed and this makes the display show: 0-1-2-3-4-5-6.  That's why it is called "RESET / CYCLE 0-6."

 

 


For 12v use, a 5v regulator such as 78L05 has been included. The kit comes with a pre-programmed PIC12F629 and all components for assembly on a proto-type PC board using 14 yellow LEDs. The display is 30mm high and can be separated from the board containing the PIC chip for easy placement on the dashboard.


The program is very simple and has just three sub-routines, Up, Down and Reset.
In Main, the program detects one of three switches, using two inputs. The Down button takes both inputs LOW while the Up and Reset buttons take only one line LOW. It takes only 6 lines of code to produce an outcome. Firstly the Reset (or Cycle) button is polled. If GP0 is LOW, we need to check if the other input (GP3) is LOW before we can make a decision. If GP3 is not LOW, Reset has been pushed.
If GP3 is LOW, Down has been pressed.
Now we go back to the first line of code where we polled the Reset button. If GP0 is not LOW but GP3 is LOW, the Up button has been pressed. Here are the 6 lines of code, starting at  btfsc GPIO,0

	
	;Car Gears Up/Down Counter   12F629.asm
	

Main	bsf	status, rp0 	;Bank 1			
       	movlw	b'11111101'	;Set TRIS  to detect switches  
	movwf	TRISIO	   	; GP0&GP3=in
	bcf	status, rp0	;bank 0 
	btfsc	GPIO,0	
	goto	$+4 		;goto XX as reset not pushed
	btfss	GPIO,3		;reset or down pushed
	goto	Down		;down pushed	
	goto	Reset		;reset pushed
	btfss	GPIO,3		;XX
	goto	Up		;up pushed	
	clrf	Sw_Flag		;nothing pushed		
M1	movf	count,w
	call	table			
	goto	Main
	


When the project is turned on it starts with "0" on the display.
The Down button does not function when "0" is displayed.
The Up button only increments to 6. The down button only decrements to "1."
The Cycle button increments to 6 then displays "0,1,2,3,4,5,6." These "stops" or "limits" are created in the  Up  Down and Reset sub-routines by comparing the "count" file with a value such as 6, 0 or 1.

The Display uses 14 yellow LEDs and have a characteristic voltage-drop of 1.9v  When 4 LEDs are placed across the supply, they require 7.6v and thus they will not illuminate on a 5v rail.
But if one of the outputs of the PIC chip is connected to the mid point of the LEDs, the two lower LEDs will illuminate when the output is HIGH and the two top LEDs will illuminate when the output is LOW. This is how we activate two segments from a single output line.
By rapidly changing the output LOW, HIGH, LOW etc, we can illuminate two segments at the same time.

 
 

Here are the files:
Car.asm
Car.txt (asm)
Car.hex
Car-h.txt (.hex)

 

Mr R Cermak wanted a counter for his bike with the following features:
The counter comes on with "0"
Down is pressed for "1" then Up for 2,3,4,5,6.
If Up is pressed at the beginning, display shows 2.

The following files are for his features and uses Circuit 1:

Bike Gears -2.asm
Bike Gears -2 .hex


 

 

PARTS LIST
(for 1- 6 gears)
$25.00 plus $5.00 postage

RESISTORS
(All surface mount 1/10th watt)
5 - 22R marked as 220
2 - 1k    "          "   102

CAPACITORS
4 - 100n surface mount
1 - 1u tantalum   "105"
1 - 10u tantalum   "106"

SEMICONDUCTORS
1 - 78L05 regulator - SM
1 - 1N4148 diode - SM   "a6"
1 - PIC12F629 Micro (0-6 Counter)

3 - tactile switches
1 - 8 pin IC socket
14 - yellow LEDs for display

30cm - fine solder
20cm - fine tinned copper wire
50cm - 0.025mm enamelled wire

1 - 
up/down counter PC board
                (Experimenter Board)

 

To order the kit,  send an email to us and we will reply with the details of how to order etc.

 


Up/Down Counter using PIC16F628 and
7-segment Display

CIRCUIT 2:


When power is applied, the counter quickly cycles:
0,1,2,3,4,5,6,0, and ends with 0 ready for pressing of any switch.
Down is pressed for "1" then Up for 2,3,4,5,6. If Up is pressed at the beginning, display shows 2.
Reset cycles: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,0, and ends with 0'
A HIGH on "HIGH INPUT"  dims the display to 50% brightness.

Here is a PCB layout for circuit 2 produced by one of our readers, Nick Holas, wendyys81@hotmail.fr


PCB layout from Nick Holas:  wendyys81@hotmail.fr
There are 4 jumpers A,B,C,D

 

Here are the files for the PIC16F628 circuit 2:

R_CermakPIC16F628.asm
R_CermakPIC16F628.hex


Up/Down Counter using PIC12F629 and
4 LEDs

CIRCUIT 3:

 

This version of the car gears up/down counter uses 4 LEDs.
There are many different possibilities and the .asm file has been included to show how the program is laid out.
It can very easily be extended to any number of gears.
 

CarGears1-4.asm
CarGears1-4.hex

If you have any questions on how the circuit works or how to add different features,
email the author and your answer will be posted here:

P1   P2  P3  P4(RF Link)
 


  1/8/2010